Platinum

Natural History.
      Platinum.
      An Element. (Also called Platina.) Pt. (A.W. 194 3.) Trituration.

Clinical.
      Amenorrhoea.
      Chlorosis.
      Constipation.
      Convulsions.
      Delusions.
      Dentition.
      Depression of spirits.
      Dysmenia.
      Erotomania.
      Fear.
      Gout.
      Hemorrhage.
      Hemorrhoids.
      Hysteria.
      Lead poisoning.
      Masturbation.
      Melancholia.
      Menorrhagia.
      Menses, suppressed.
      Mind, affections of.
      Neuralgia.
      Neurasthenia.
      Numbness.
      Nymphomania.
      Ovaries affections of.
      Pruritus vulvae.
      Rheumatism.
      Sexual perversion.
      Spasms.
      Tapeworm.
      Uterus, induration of.
      Vaginismus.
      Yawning, spasmodic.

Characteristics.
      The original name of Platinum was "Platina," being a Spanish word meaning "like silver" (Plata being Spanish for silver).
      The metal was introduced into Europe from South America in the middle of the eighteenth century.
      It is always found in association with other metals, chiefly Rhodium, Osmium, Iridium, Palladium. Hahnemann was the first to think of it as a medicine, and his proving in the Chronic Diseases is the basis of our knowledge of its action.
      One characteristic symptom, either when found alone or in association with other conditions, has led to many cures with Plat. Lost sense of proportion in both ocular and mental vision.
      Objects look small or the patient thinks them small.
      The becomes pride and hauteur in the mental sphere, the patient (generally a woman) looks down on everything and everybody.
      This is a keynote of Ptal. Another is the occurrence of cramps, cramping pains and spasms, developing into convulsions.
      The cramping pains causes numbness and tingling in the parts affected.
      Pains as if nipped, squeezed in a vice, and these pains increase gradually to an acme and then as gradually decline.
      In the rectum this becomes tenesmus, in vagina, vaginismus.
      Another general keynote is the alternation of mental and physical symptoms: as physical symptoms disappear mental symptoms appear, and vice versa.
      Nash cured a case of insanity of some duration with Plat., being led to the remedy by an alternation of the mental symptoms with a pain the whole length of the spine.
      This alternating feature is also seen between one mental state and another: Changing moods, sad and gay alternately, laughs and cries by turns.
      There is also a perverse state: Laughs immoderately, but in the wrong place, laughs at serious things.
      The mental disorder at times takes a homicidal form.
      Jahr cured with Plat. A woman who had an inspiration to kill her child, and Jule Gaudy recorded (Four.
      Belge d’ H., quoted Amer. H., xxii. 314) the case of a woman who was tormented with an almost irresistible impulse to kill her husband, whom she loved passionately, and with whom she was perfectly happy.
      The sight of a knife had an irresistible fascination for her, and she was often obliged to leave the table to free herself from the impulse.
      A few months before, she had lost a child a short time after confinement, which had been followed by profuse and desperately persistent hemorrhage.
      Recovering from this she became restless, irritable, and her whole existence was ruled by this terrible impulse.
      Plat. 6x and 30X relieved and finally cured her.
      Kent (Med. Adv., xxv. 184) records the case of a middle-aged lady, mother of several grown-up daughters, who complained of a peculiar mental symptom: A fear, in the absence of her husband, that he would never return, that he would die, or be run over.
      She wept all the time he was away.
      Kent discovered that she had been treated for uterine displacement, and was then wearing a pessary.
      This was removed.
      Menstrual flow was copious, black, clotted.
      The external genitals were so sensitive that the usual napkin was intolerable.
      Plat. cured the whole case, including the displacement.
      Almost every symptom in this case was a characteristic.
      The sensitiveness of the external genitals is often so great as to make coition impossible.
      Digital examining of such a patient causes great pain.
      The action of Plat. to a large extent center in and radiates from the sexual organs, male and female.
      It corresponds to masturbation before puberty, and also to the effects of masturbation.
      It was one of Gallavardin’s remedies for the impulse to pederasty and sodomy.
      Tendency to uncover completely in sleep is a leading note of it.
      Excessive desire, especially in virgins.
      Premature and excessive development of sexual instinct and organs.
      Nymphomania worse in puerperal state.
      During menses uterine spasms, convulsions.
      Convulsions of puerperal state.
      Catalepsy during menstruation.
      Spasms alternate between convulsive actions and opisthotonos, full consciousness.
      Spasms alternate with dyspnoea.
      Excessive itching in uterus, pruritus vulvae.
      Plat. has cramping tendency makes it an antidote to lead poisoning, and it has constipation scarcely less marked than that of Pb., though differing from it.
      The stools of Plat. are tenacious and sticky, adhere to the rectum and anus like putty, or they may be hard as if burnt, the constipation comes on while travelling, in emigrants, during pregnancy.
      Peculiar Sensations and Symptoms are: As if her senses would vanish.
      As if parts of malar bones were between screws.
      As if everything about her were very small.
      As if she were constantly growing longer and longer.
      As if she did not belong to her own family.
      Vertigo as if torn and pulled with threads.
      Forehead as if constricted, screwed on, as if a board pressed against it.
      As if temples too tightly bound.
      Scalp as if abdomen, chest, heavy weight on it.
      As if head were enlarged.
      As if throat constricted, palate elongated, tongue scalded.
      As if abdomen, chest, nape, limbs, thing, great toe, tightly wrapped or constricted.
      Back and small of back as if broken.
      Crawling, tingling, numb sensations.
      Spasmodic yawning.
      Pains go from right to left.
      The right side is somewhat more pronounced affected than the left.
      Severe stitches in right ovary.
      The symptoms are periodic and paroxysmal, as well as alternating.
      Plat.
      Is suited to women with dark hair, thin, sanguine, bilious, with too frequent and too profuse menses, sexual organs exceedingly sensitive.
      Hysterical and hemorrhoidal patients.
      The symptoms are: worse By touch and pressure.
      Worse Fasting. Worse During menses. Worse Rest, sitting, standing, bending backward.
      better By motion. Walking and going upstairs worse pressure in genitals, better hysteric rheumatism.
      Walking against wind causes sudden arrest of breathing.
      Worse Evening and night.
      Headache commences on waking.
      Worse In warm room, better in open air (but open air causes fluent coryza and shaking chill on going from room, heat better cramp pain in legs and irritability and chilliness.
      Obliged to stretch, which better.
      Relations.
      Antidoted by: Puls., sp. d. (Teste, who classes Plat. with Thuj., Brom., and Castor, says Colch. is the best antidote to all four).
      Antidote to: Lead.
      Complementary: Pallad. (both affect right ovary, but Pallad. has better from pressure).
      Compatible: Bell, Ign., Lyc., Puls., Rhus, Sep., Ver.
      Compare: Pride, Pall. (Plat. egotistical, despises others, Pall. easily wounded, attaches importance to others), Lyc. (imperious).
      Spasms and emaciation from ante puberty masturbation, Staph. Uterine affections, nymphomania, Aur., Sep. (the nymphomania of Plat. Is more intense, Plat. Is more intense, Plat. Is intermediate between Aur. and Sep. in weariness of life, the uterine cramps of Plat. are followed by numbness, those of Sep. are a clutching as if suddenly seized then suddenly relaxed).
      Hysteria, indurated ulcers, Tarent. Sees ghosts and demons, Hyo., Kali-br. Shamelessness, uncovers, Pho., Hyo. (Hyo. sees things larger, Plat. smaller).
      Thinks death near and fears it, Aco., Ars. Dark, stringy hemorrhage, Cham., Croc. (Croc. has sensation of something alive).
      Sensitive to coitus, Sep., Bell. (dry vagina), Fer., Nat. m, Apis (with stinging in ovary), Thuj., Kre. (followed by bloody flow), Murex, Orig. Constipation when travelling (Lyc. when from home, Bry. When at sea).
      Weak and exhausted feeling for two hours after stool, Sep. Sticky stools like soft clay, Alum. Hysteria, pressure at root of nose, Ign. Excessive sexual development, especially in virgins, Kali-ph. Masturbation in girls, Orig., Gratiola. Dark-haired women, Sep. Laughs immoderately at serious things, Anac., Nat. m., Lyc., Pho.

Causation.
      Fright.
      Vexation.
      Bereavement.
      Fit of passion.
      Sexual excess.
      Masturbation.

Mind.
      Sadness, especially in evening, with strong inclination to weep often (every second day) alternating with excessive gaiety and buffoonery.
      Involuntary inclination to whistle and sing.
      Involuntary weeping.
      Loud cries for help.
      Thinks she stands alone in the world.
      Anxietas precordium to an excessive degree, with great fear of death, which is believed to be very near, accompanied by trembling, palpitation of heart, and obstructed respiration.
      Sensation of dread and horror.
      Fear, with trembling of hands and feet and confusion of ideas, as if all persons approaching were demons.
      Hysterical humor, with great mental depression, nervous weakness, and over-excitement of vascular system.
      Mental symptoms in general: amativeness, state of madness.
      Timorous disposition.
      Great irritability, with prolonged ill-humor, after a fit of passion.
      Apathetic indifference and absence of mind.
      Pride and self-conceit, with contempt for others, even for those who are usually most beloved and respected, worse indoors, better in open air and sunshine.
      Impulse to kill her own child, her husband, (on seeing a knife).
      Distraction and forgetfulness.
      Loss of consciousness.
      Incoherence of speech.
      Delusion of the senses, feeling as of being too large, and, on the contrary, all other things and persons seems to be too small and too low.
      Delirium, with fear of men, often changing, with over-estimation of oneself.
      Mania: with great pride, with fault-finding, with unchaste talk, trembling and clonic spasms, caused by fright or from anger.

Head.
      Tensive confusion in forehead, as if head were compressed in a vice.
      Pressing headache from without to within the forehead and temples, gradually increasing and decreasing, worse in evening from stooping, while at rest, in the room, better from exercise and in open air.
      Transient attacks of vertigo in evening with loss of consciousness.
      Vertigo on sitting down or ascending stairs.
      Headache which increases gradually, or by fits, until it becomes very violent, and which diminishes progressively in same manner.
      Attack of headache, with nausea and vomiting.
      Sensation of numbness in head, and externally at vertex, preceded by a sensation of contraction of brain and of scalp, worse in evening and while sitting, better from motion and in open air.
      Pain in sides of head, as if caused by a plug.
      Constrictive headache, as if a tape were tightly drawn around it, with sensation of numbness in brain, flushes of heat and ill-humor, worse from stooping and exercise.
      Formication in one temple, extending to lower jaw, with sensation of coldness on that spot, worse in evening and when at rest, better from rubbing.
      Pressive, cramp-like, compressive pains in the forehead and temples, especially in root of nose, greatly worse by movement and by stooping, sometimes with heat and redness of face, inquietude, and weeping.
      Tingling in temples, as if caused by insects.
      Buzzing and noise in head, like that of a mill.

Eyes.
      Pain in eyes after fatiguing the sight by looking attentively at an object.
      Tension in sockets, with gnawing pain, as from excoriation in margins.
      Cramp-like pain in edges of orbits.
      Compressive tension in eyeballs.
      Aching in eyes with sleep.
      Creeping tingling in canthi.
      Sensation of heat or of coldness and smarting in eyes.
      Trembling or spasmodic quivering of eyelids.
      Eyes convulsed.
      Objects appear smaller than they really are.
      Confused sight, as if directed through a veil, often with painless twitchings round they eye.
      Quivering and sparkling before sight.

Ears.
      Otalgia with cramp-like pain.
      Shocks in ears.
      (Sticking jerking in right outer ear with) sensation of numbness and of coldness in ears, extending to cheeks and lips.
      Gnawing tingling in ears.
      Roaring, whizzing, and ringing in ears.
      Dull thundering and rumbling in ears.

Nose.
      Cramp-like pain, with sensation of numbness in nose and at root of nose.
      Ineffectual want to sneeze and tingling in nose.
      Dry coryza, often semi-lateral.
      Corrosive sensation on nose, as of something acrid.

Face.
      Face pale, wan, and sunken.
      Burning heat and glowing redness in face, with ardent thirst and dryness of mouth, especially in evening.
      Distortion of muscles of faces.
      Sensation of coldness, with tingling and sensation of numbness throughout (right) side of face.
      Cramp and tensive pressure in zygomatic processes.
      Benumbing, dull pressure in malar bone.
      Pulsative digging in jaws, especially in evening and during repose, with involuntary weeping.
      Lockjaw.
      Gnawing, with pain as from excoriation in lips and chin, which compel scratching.
      Smarting and lancinating vesicles on lips.
      Lips dry and cracked.
      Plexus venarum, of a reddish blue color, on chine.
      Sensation of torpor or coldness round mouth and chin.
      Cramp in jaw.

Teeth.
      Odontalgia with pulsative and digging pain.
      Cramp-like drawing, which recurs by fits, in teeth.
      Numb pain in left lower teeth.
      Fissures in gums.

Mouth.
      Sensation of coldness, especially in mouth.
      Crawling sensation and at other times.
      Cramp-like drawing in throat, like a constrictions.
      Sensation as if palate or uvula were elongated.
      Scraping and accumulation of phlegm in throat.
      Hawking up of phlegm.

Appetite.
      Mucous, clammy taste.
      Sweetish taste on tip of tongue.
      Adipsia.
      Loss of appetite after the first mouthful.
      Complete loss of appetite.
      Repugnance to food, arising from sadness.
      Dislike to food.
      Bulimy.
      Voracious rapidity in eating, with a disposition to find fault with everything (to detest everything around himself).
      After a meal, risings, pressure on stomach, and colic.

Stomach.
      Ineffectual effort to eructate.
      Empty, noisy eructations.
      Serum of a disagreeable sweetish bitterness ascends throat, and puts patient in danger of choking.
      Continued nausea, with lassitude, trembling, and anxiety.
      Aching (pressure) in stomach, especially after a meal.
      Sensation of constriction in pit of stomach, extending into abdomen.
      Fermentations in epigastric region.
      Flatulent soreness towards hypogastrium.
      Contractive pain in scrobiculus, as if it were squeezed too tightly.
      Pressure or shocks, or else throbbing, shootings, and pinchings in scrobiculus.
      Burning sensation in scrobiculus, sometimes extending from throat into abdomen.

Abdomen.
      Pains in abdomen, with dull and jerking pressive.
      Inflation of abdomen, with difficult and interrupted expulsion of flatus.
      Pressing and bearing down in abdomen extending into pelvis.
      Lead colic.
      Constriction in abdomen.
      Pinchings in umbilical region.
      Shootings in the side of abdomen and in umbilical region.
      Gnawing in abdomen.
      Drawing in groins, commending from sacrum.

Stool and Anus.
      Constipation: after lead poisoning or while travelling, sometimes very obstinate.
      The stool is discharged with difficulty, seeming to stick to anus and rectum like putty.
      Frequent want, with scanty evacuation, which is voided in pieces, and with great efforts.
      Evacuations of consistence of pap.
      Stool hard, as if burnt.
      Tenia and ascarides are discharged from rectum during evacuation and at other times.
      After evacuation general shuddering or sensation of weakness in abdomen.
      Frequent itching, tingling, and tenesmus in anus, especially in the evening (before sleep).
      Violent and dull lancinations in rectum.

Urinary Organs.
      Red urine with a white cloud, or else which becomes turbid, and deposits a red sediment.
      Slow but frequent emission of urine. 15.

Male
      Burning pain and gnawing in scrotum.
      Unnatural increase of sexual desire, with frequent erections, especially at night (with amorous dream).
      Voluptuous crawling in genital organs and abdomen, with anxious oppression and palpitation, then painless pressure downwards in genitals with sticking in sinciput and exhaustion.
      Flow of prostatic fluid.
      Coition of too short duration, with but little enjoyment.

Female
      Sensation of bearing down towards genital organs, with aching in abdomen.
      Unnatural increase of sexual desire, with painful sensibility and voluptuous tingling from genitals up into abdomen.
      Nymphomania, which may occur even during the lying-in period.
      Induration of uterus.
      Sanguineous congestion in uterus.
      Miscarriage.
      Metrorrhagia (with great excitability of the sexual system) of thick, deep-colored blood, with drawings in groins.
      Catamenia too early and too profuse (blood dark and coagulated), sometimes with headache, restlessness and tears.
      Menstruation, when the discharge is very abundant, thick and black like tar, and is very exhausting, spasms and screaming at every menstrual period.
      Catamenia too long continued.
      Before catamenia, cuttings and pains like those of labor in hypogastrium.
      Cramps at commencement of catamenia.
      Painful sensitiveness and constant pressure in mons veneries and genital organs, with internal chill and external coldness, except face.
      Severe stitches in right ovarian region.
      During catamenia, pressure as of a general bearing down towards genital organs, which are very sensitive.
      Leucorrhoea, like white of eggs, flowing chiefly after urinating, and on rising from a seat.

Respiratory Organs.
      Aphonia.
      Short, nervous, dry cough, with palpitation and dyspnoea.
      Short, difficult, and anxious respiration.

Chest.
      Shortness of breath, with constrictive oppression of chest.
      Inclination to draw a long breath, prevented by a sensation of weakness in chest.
      Anxious oppression of chest, with sensation of heat, which ascends from epigastrium.
      Pain in chest, as if a weight were pressing upon it, with want to take a full inspiration, which is hindered by a sensation of weakness.
      Tension, pressure, and shootings in sides of chest, which do not permit lying down on either side.
      Aching and dull blows in chest, commencing slightly, increasing to a certain intensity, and gradually diminishing in same way.
      Dull lancinations in sides of chest, during an inspiration.

Heart.
      Burning and sticking low down by heart.
      A dull pressure in region of apex of heart.
      Anxious palpitation of heart.

Neck and Back.
      Rigidity of nape of neck.
      Weakness and sensation of tensive numbness in nape of neck (the head sinks forward).
      Contusive pain in loins and in back, especially when pressing upon them, or else when bending backwards.
      Pains in back and small of back as if broken, after a walk worse bending backwards.
      Spasmodic pain in loins.
      Sensation of numbness in coccyx, as after a blow.

Limbs.
      Cramp-like jerking and drawing pains in limbs and joints.
      Tension in limbs (especially thighs) as if bound too tightly with ligatures.
      Attack of spasmodic rigidity in limbs, without loss of consciousness, but with clenching of jaws, loss of speech, eyes convulsed, and involuntary movements of the commissures of lips and eyelids.
      Tingling restlessness, sensation of weakness and trembling in limbs, especially during repose and in open air.

Upper Limbs.
      Heaviness and lassitude of arms, with paralytic pulling.
      Paralysed sensation in left arm, in both arms.
      Aching and spasmodic pain in forearms, hands, and fingers, especially when grasping anything firmly.
      Itching, gnawing, pricking, and burning sensation in arms, hands, and fingers.
      Sensation of stiffness in forearms.
      Painful throbbing in fingers.
      Distortion of fingers.
      Numbness of fingers.
      Trembling of right thumb, with numbness.
      Numbness of little finger.
      Ulcers on fingers.

Lower Limbs.
      Spasmodic pain and tension in things, feet, and toes.
      Weakness of thighs and knees, as if they were broken.
      Pain as from a blow in left knee.
      Shocks and blows in legs.
      Lassitude of legs.
      Restlessness and trembling in legs, with a sensation of numbness and rigidity.
      Lassitude and numbness in feet when seated.
      Coldness of feet.
      Gnawing, excoriation, and smarting in ankle-bones, greatly worse by least touch.
      Painful throbbing in toes.
      Swelling on ball of toe, with tearing and nocturnal pulsations.
      Ulcers on toes.
      Pain in great toe as if too tightly enveloped.

Generalities.
      Dark-haired females.
      Face changing color frequently.
      Rising in throat.
      Tapeworm, other symptoms agreeing.
      Contraction of inner parts.
      Catalepsy, epilepsy with rigor, tonic spasms.
      Very great paleness of skin.
      Spasmodic yawning.
      Pains like labor pains.
      Sensation as of a hoop around parts.
      Violent shocks as if from pain.
      Sensation of prickling in the outer parts.
      Sensation of coldness in outer parts.
      Compressive, cramp-like, constrictive, or pressive pains, as if caused by a plug, or by dull blows.
      Cramp-like, jerking, and drawing pains in limbs and joints.
      Tension in limbs, as if bound too tightly with ligatures.
      Pains, as from a contusion, a blow, or a bruise, especially when pressing on part affected.
      Pains, slight at commencement, increase gradually, often at regular intervals, and diminish in same manner.
      Sensation of torpor and paralytic rigidity in various parts, often with trembling and palpitation of heart.
      Attack of spasmodic rigidity in limbs, without loss of consciousness, but with clenching of jaws, loss of speech, eyes convulsed, and involuntary movements of commissures of lips and eyelids.
      The spasmodic attacks manifest themselves chiefly at daybreak.
      Affections caused by fright, by vexation, or by a fit of passion.
      Moral and physical affections, appearing alternately.
      Excessive weakness (paralytic weakness in limbs).
      Dull, pushing, or inward pressing pains, as from dull blows.
      Tingling restlessness, sensation of weakness and trembling in limbs, especially during repose and in open air.
      Majority of symptoms worse by repose, in the evening, from anger, more in females than males, after lying down and rising again, when sitting, after rising, and better by movement.
      The affections which are better in open air are generally worse towards evening and in a room.

Skin.
      Tingling gnawing, with pain as of excoriation, and itching or burning, pricking, and shooting pain on various parts of skin, which provokes scratching.
      Ulcers (on fingers and toes).

Sleep.
      Convulsive and spasmodic yawning, especially in afternoon.
      Great disposition to sleep in evening.
      Prolonged sleep in morning.
      Anxious dreams of wars and bloodshed.
      Lascivious dreams.
      Waking at night, especially after midnight (with frightful dreams, want of consciousness), or with anxious, sad, and distressing thoughts.
      Bewilderment at night on waking.
      At night patient lies on back, with arms above head, legs drawn up, with strong inclination to uncover them.

Fever.
      Pulse small, feeble, frequently tremulous.
      Constant shivering and shuddering over whole body, especially in open air.
      Chilliness predominates, with low spirits, which ceases during heat.
      Heat with sensation of burning in face, without any visible change in color of face (she though she was very red, but color the same as usual).
      Flushes of heat, interrupted by chilliness.
      Gradually increasing, and in the same manner gradually decreasing heat.
      Perspiration only during sleep, ceasing as soon as one wakens.